Human Trafficking

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1 - Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is the recruitment and transportation of persons by force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation can include sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

The defining feature of trafficking is not travel, i.e. illegally moving a person from one locale to another. The defining feature of trafficking is the attempt to control people in order to exploit them.

A victim does not have to be physically transported from one location to another in order for this exploitation to happen.

In 2000, the UN articulated the Palermo Agreement, which was signed by 121 countries and ratified by Canada in 2002. The Palermo Agreement defines human trafficking with three essential components: Act, Means, and Purpose.

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